Fernando Cruz, Irene Julca, Jèssica Gómez-Garrido, Damian Loska, Marina Marcet-Houben, Emilio Cano, Beatriz Galán, Leonor Frias, Paolo Ribeca, Sophia Derdak, Marta Gut, Manuel Sánchez-Fernández, Jose Luis García, Ivo G. Gut, Pablo Vargas, Tyler S. Alioto and Toni Gabaldón
Background: The Mediterranean olive tree (Olea europaea subsp. europaea) was one of the first trees to be domesticated and is currently of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The molecular bases underlying the phenotypic differences among domesticated cultivars, or between domesticated olive trees and their wild relatives, remain poorly understood. Both wild and cultivated olive trees have 46 chromosomes (2n).